Multi-Centre Randomised Clinical Trial
Spotlight-AQ RCT & AI Results: Improving Outcomes for Adults with T1D or T2D : Background: Existing therapeutic interventions are well known, yet most people with diabetes do not consistently achieve blood glucose targets for optimal health, despite the large range of treatment options available. Aim: To explore the efficacy of a novel clinical intervention addressing physical and mental health within routine consultations across healthcare settings. Methods: A multi-centre, parallel group, individually randomised trial comparing consultation length in adults with T1D or T2D for ≥6 mths to the Spotlight Consultations platform compared to usual care. Secondary outcomes: HbA1c and validated measures of depression, diabetes distress, anxiety, functional health status and HCP burnout. Results: n=98 adults with T1D or T2D; any HbA1c and receiving any diabetes treatment participated (n=49 intervention). Consultation duration for intervention participants was reduced in intervention consultations by 0.5-4.1 mins (3-14%) versus no change in the control group (-0.9 - +1.28 mins) across 15 and 30 consultations. HbA1c improved in the intervention group by 6mmol/mol (0.5%; range 0-30) versus control group 3mmol/mol (range 0-8). Moderate improvements in psychosocial outcomes observed in intervention group: functional health status; reduced anxiety, depression and diabetes distress; improved well-being. None were statistically significant. HCPs reported improved communication and greater focus in consultations. Artificial Intelligence examination highlighted therapy and psychological burden were most important in predicting HbA1c levels. Conclusion: Spotlight-AQ was associated with shorter, more useful consultations; with improved HbA1c and moderate benefits on psychosocial outcomes. Results reflect the importance of a biopsychosocial approach to routine care visits. Spotlight-AQ is viable across healthcare settings for improved outcomes.